- Arc de Triomphe
It is the centrepiece of the Place Charles de Gaulle-Etoile, from where it majestically overlooks the Champs Elysées. Commissioned by Napoleon in 1806 in homage to French military victories, the arch was completed 30 years later during the reign of Louis Philippe, the last King of France, who dedicated the monument to the glory of the revolutionary army and the French army in general. It is adorned with reliefs and sculptures depicting scenes from Napoleon’s epic battles. The Big Hall within the monument has been redesigned. The new scenography is divided into seven sections and takes a modern, interactive approach to tracing the history of the Arc de Triomphe.
From the 50-metre high terrace on top of the Arc de Triomphe, you’re invited to admire each of the twelve avenues that stem from the monument, most of which bear the name of a famous battle fought by Napoleon, such as Friedland and Wagram. Paris is literally at your feet as you look out over the capital’s historic avenue with, on the one side, the Champs-Elysées, the place de la Concorde, the Tuileries Garden, and the Louvre and, on the other, the Arche de la Défense.
Website : http://arc-de-triomphe.monuments-nationaux.fr
telephone number : 01 55 37 73 77
fax : 01 43 80 64 12
Place Charles de Gaulle
District : Champs-Elysées / Charles de Gaulle Etoile
RER : Charles de Gaulle – Etoile
Bus : 22, 30, 31, 52, 73, 92, Balabus
– Architecturals styles : Louis Philippe style
– List of collections : History, Photography, Stamps, Medals, Textiles
– Collections period : 19th century
– Opening days and times : 1 October – 31 March: 10am – 10.30pm. 1 April – 30 September: 10am – 11pm. Open in on 8 May and 11 November and 14 July.
– Cash desk closes at : Last admission 30 minutes before the closing of the monument.
Days of week : Monday | Tuesday | Wednesday | Thursday | Friday | Saturday | SundayOpen on those public holidays : Easter | Easter Monday | Ascension Day | Whitsuntide | Whit Monday | 15 August | 1 November
– Night openings : Late opening every evening
– Independant tour : €9 – RR €5.50: 18-25s, teaching staff. Museum room, prints and photographs relating the great events of the Arc de Triomphe. Visit takes approx. 45 minutes.
– Guided tour : on reservation : 0 825 05 44 05 (0.15€/mn) ; [email protected]
–Free : First Sunday of each month from October to March. All year for jobseekers, disabled ex-servicemen and one accompanying person, press, holders of Museum pass, CMN card. Since 4 April 2009, admission has been free for under 26-year olds belonging to the European Union, and for teaching staff members of primary and secondary schools (except temporary exhibitions).
– Free for children : under 18.
– Foreign language information : French, English, German, Spanish, Italian, Japanese, Russian, Chinese, Portuguese, Dutch
– Viewpoint : View over the Place de l’Etoile – Champs-Elysées – Concorde – Louvre – La Défense.
- Avenue des Champs-Elysées
Metro: Étoile, George V, Franklin D. Roosevelt
In a nutshell, Avenue des Champs-Elysées, the widest street in Paris, is probably the most wonderful place to start your tour, as you can walk all the way down to Rue de Rivoli. It stretches from Place d’Etoile to Place de la Concorde.
It is better to start from the top, at Charles de Gaulle-Étoile metro station. Here you are basically at the foot of the Arc-de-Triomphe, built by the order of Napoleon I as promised to his soldiers to celebrate their victories. Under the arch you can find the tomb of the un-known soldier. 12 major streets meet at this roundabout.
Major Celebrations are held at Ave. des Champs-Elysées especially on New New Year’s Eve and July 14th (the Bastille Day), a national holiday which celebrates the end of monarchy and the beginning of the Republic government in France.
This street is filled with cafes and shopping centres mostly concentrated on the west side of the street such as Galerie des Champs.
In Champs-Elysées you can find movie theatres showing movies in English with French sub-titles!
Paris has always had a reputation as a city of celebration and entertainment. Located on the world’s most famous avenue, the Champs-Elysées, the Lido de Paris and its revues have added sparkle to the City of Light since 1946. Discover the Lido Show, the world’s most famous cabaret and enjoy the exhilaration and enchantment.
If you get hungry while on Champs-Elysees you have multiple dining options. If you are for fast foods try delicious sandwiches from Pomme de Pain rather than going to Quick or McDonald’s.
You can also try Atelier Renault,an ultra modern restaurant for a wonderful Club House sandwich with salad.
One of the best and affordable Restaurants in Paris is Le Relais de L’Entrecôte located at 15 Rue Marbeuf just off Champs-Elysées. They only serve Steak with their secret sauce and the best fries you have ever had. You might be better off going there earlier because of the line ups they do not take reservations.
You can find brand names and specialty stores on Champs-Elysées including Louis Vuitton, Lancel, Fred, Ballys.
If you are into haute Couture you can go down Ave. Montaigne, where you can find designers such as Dior, and Channel.
As you keep going further down the Champs-Elysees Ave, you will arrive at Place de la Concorde, where you will see the Luxor obelisk, a gift from the viceroy of Egypt to King Louis-Phillip.
During the French Revolution, prior to the erection of the obelisk, this square was a bloody scene, where a guillotine was placed and many lost their head including Marie-Antoinette and Louis XVI. From this point you have 2 good options.
You can either go through Jardin des Tuileries all the way to the Louvre or follow the signs to Rue de Rivoli.
Here you will find souvenir shops and of course cafes. If you keep going you will soon find the Louvre on your right side of the street.
- The Place de la Concorde
is one of the major public squares in Paris, France. In fact, in terms of area, its 8.64 hectares make it the largest square in the French capital. It is located in the city’s eighth arrondissement, at the eastern end of the Champs-Élysées.
During the French Revolution the statue of Louis XV of France was torn down and the area renamed “Place de la Révolution”. The new revolutionary government erected the guillotine in the square, and it was here that King Louis XVI was executed on 21 January 1793. Other important figures guillotined on the site, often in front of cheering crowds, were Queen Marie Antoinette, Princess Élisabeth of France, Charlotte Corday, Madame du Barry, Georges Danton, Camille Desmoulins, Antoine Lavoisier, Maximilien Robespierre, Louis de Saint-Just and Olympe de Gouge.
The guillotine was most active during the “Reign of Terror”, in the summer of 1794, when in a single month more than 1,300 people were executed. A year later, when the revolution was taking a more moderate course, the guillotine was removed from the square.
The Fountain of River Commerce and Navigation, one of the two Fontaines de la Concorde (1840) on the Place de la Concorde. Behind: the Hôtel de Crillon; to the left: the embassy of the United States of America.
Execution of Louis XVI in the then Place de la Révolution. The empty pedestal in front of him had supported a statue of his grandfather, Louis XV, torn down during one of the many revolutionary riots.
The square was then renamed Place de la Concorde under the Directory as a symbolic gesture of reconciliation after the turmoil of the French Revolution. It underwent a series of name changes in the nineteenth century, but the city eventually settled on Place de la Concorde.
Source : parisinfo /parismustsee/ Wikipedia